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Arctic Marine Science Curriculum

Background Information for Teachers

What is TEK? – Inuit knowledge; knowledge and culture.

What is culturally responsive science? – components; integrating TEK and science; involving cultural experts; cautions.

Cultural standards for educators

Best practices – blending traditional and inquiry teaching practices; phases of learning; strategies for tapping into prior knowledge; building a scientific vocabulary; developing scientific concepts for using graphic displays.

Assessment – culturally relevant assessment; principles of assessment; the teacher’s role in assessment; putting assessment into practice.

Appendices – word cycle; concept overview; fact-based article analysis.

Arctic Marine Science Curriculum  Download Background information for Teachers

Module 1: Oceans Structure & Motion

Properties of water – characteristics; three phases; water as a solvent; density of water.

The Oceans – comparing salt and freshwater; what’s in the water – gases, buffers and pH, dissolved solids; oceans and heat transfer – water cycle, albedo; moving water – waves, tides, currents, coriolis effect, circulation.

Arctic Ice – Formation of ice; ice coverage; changes in Arctic ice.

Predicting Weather – environmental indicators; forecasting in the Hudson Strait; changing weather.

Geology and Landforms – geological formations; seabeds; glaciers; ice caps and glaciers.

1: Where’s the Water
2: Solubility of a Solid
3: Calculating Density
4: Density and Buoyancy
5: Water Everywhere But
6: pH Protocol
7: Measurement of Albedo

Appendices – water sampling information; internet research worksheet; blank circumpolar map; circumpolar map; conducting labs & observation checklist; student-designed labs, self & teacher rating; the saga of the water molecule; self assessment of group participation; tilted earth; assessment of poster or pamphlet; assessing active listening, assessing oral presentation.

Arctic Marine Science Curriculum  Download Module1_Lab.pdf
Arctic Marine Science Curriculum  Download Module1_Student.pdf
Arctic Marine Science Curriculum  Download Module1_Teacher.pdf

Module 2: Ecological Principles

Flow of Energy Through an Ecosystem – food chain and food webs; flow of energy; productivity.

Bioaccumulation – DDT; polar bears and pollution.

Biodiversity – Formation of ice; ice coverage; changes in Arctic ice.

Biogeochemical cycles – carbon cycle; nitrogen cycle; silicon cycle.

1: Food chain fieldwork
2: Compound microscope

Appendices – word splash; ecosystem review; pollution scavenger hunt; word cycle; fact-based article analysis.

Arctic Marine Science Curriculum  Download Module2_Lab.pdf
Arctic Marine Science Curriculum  Download Module2_Student.pdf
Arctic Marine Science Curriculum  Download Module2_Teacher.pdf

Module 3: Living Organisms

Classification Systems

Kingdom Monera – bacteria; blue-green algae.

Kingdom Protista – phytoplankton; green algae; brown algae; red algae; ice algae.

Kingdom Plantae

Kingdom Animalia – zooplankton; invertebrates; amphipods; fish; arctic marine mammals.

1: Bacteria
2: Algal plants
3: Plankton lab
4: The brine shrimp experiment
5: Dichotomous fish key
6: Fish anatomy lab

Appendices – rubric for assessing a research project; lab report; rating scale for the assessment of labs; marine mammal/fishery interactions survey; life cycle of the polar bear.

Arctic Marine Science Curriculum  Download Module3_Lab.pdf
Arctic Marine Science Curriculum  Download Module3_Student.pdf
Arctic Marine Science Curriculum  Download Module3_Teacher.pdf

Module 4: Habitats

Introduction to Marine Habitats

Coastal Habitats – the coast; estuaries; salt marshes and lagoons; tidal flats.

Open Ocean – open ocean; polynyas.

1: Field observations
2: How to make a delta
3: Salinity and hydrology investigation
4: Dissolved oxygen
5: Water temperature
6: Water transparency
7: Macro-invertebrate discovery
8: Four estuaries

Appendices – practicing the protocols; concept frame; conducting labs; observation sheets; self and teacher rating scale of labs.

Arctic Marine Science Curriculum  Download Module4_Lab.pdf
Arctic Marine Science Curriculum  Download Module4_Student.pdf
Arctic Marine Science Curriculum  Download Module4_Teacher.pdf

Module 5: Human Use & Governance

Governance of Marine Resources – sustainability; resource management; land claim agreements; government departments and responsibilities; international developments; oil and gas development.

Influence of human activity – climate change; contaminants.

1: The greenhouse effect
2: Greenhouse gases
3: An introduction to field data collection.

Appendices – concept overview; assessing active listening: observation checklist; concept frame; anticipation guide – global warming; analyzing greenhouse data; contaminant transport.

Arctic Marine Science Curriculum  Download Module5_Lab.pdf
Arctic Marine Science Curriculum  Download Module5_Student.pdf
Arctic Marine Science Curriculum  Download Module5_Teacher.pdf


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