(Biography) Erik Jaap Molenaar has been with the Netherlands Institute for the Law of the Sea (NILOS) at Utrecht University since 1994 and currently holds the position of Deputy Director. In 2006 he also became employed by the University of Tromsø, Norway, where he currently is a Professor with the K.G. Jebsen Centre for the Law of the Sea (JCLOS). After having completed his PhD on ?Coastal State Jurisdiction over Vessel-Source Pollution? (1998) and his tasks as assistant rapporteur to the International Law Association (ILA)?s Committee on Coastal State Jurisdiction Relating to Marine Pollution, he broadened his research field with international fisheries law and the international law relating to the Antarctic and Arctic. In addition to fundamental research, he has also provided juridical advice to, inter alia, various shipping and fishing companies, Netherlands and Norwegian Ministries, the European Parliament, the European Commission, and UNEP and FAO. His research has led to his participation in various diplomatic conferences and other intergovernmental meetings, including the annual meetings of several regional fisheries management organizations. Since late 2013 his research has a specific focus on participation, allocation and the ecosystem approach to polar fisheries.